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Brocker I 193
Circumstances/Ortega y Gasset: Since circumstances cannot decide for the human, the human is rather historically situated. Ortega views the "age" and "epoch" as a totality of "circumstances" ("circunstancias"), constellations or situations in which the human has to live his life. "The circumstances - the possibilities - are the given and imposed on us in our lives. They form our world. Life does not choose its world; it is found from the outset in a certain, inexchangeable world in this present world. (1)
The "vital destiny" of the human (See Human/Ortega) does not, however, abolish a human's freedom of decision. It provides options. But under the circumstances. These options are not identical to the circumstances. "It is therefore wrong that in life 'circumstances decide'. On the contrary, the circumstances are the ever new Way of the Cross on which we have to decide" (2). And who decides, that's us.


1.José Ortega y Gasset, La Rebelión de las Masas (con un prólogo para franceses, un epílogo para ingleses y un apéndice: Dinámica del tiempo), Madrid 1937 (zuerst 1929). Dt.: José Ortega y Gasset, Der Aufstand der Massen, Reinbek 1956, S. 33.
2l. Ebenda

Thomas Gil, „Ortega y Gasset, Der Aufstand der Massen (1929)“ In: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Ortega y Gasset, José
Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018


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