Dictionary of Arguments

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Brocker I 169
National Socialism/Nazism/Schmitt: At the time, Schmitt explicated the nationalist tenet of his constitutional thinking (1), apart from the concept of the political, above all in his writings on international law. Beginning with the brochure Volksentscheid und Volksbegehren (1927), however, he so subtly translated his categories into a constitutional representation of the Weimar Republic that the strong reference to the anti-liberal alternatives of Bolshevism and Fascism disappeared from the focus of reception for some time. After 1945, the bridge was built from 1923 to 1933 and Schmitt repeatedly assumed a prior option for the "total leader state" (Fijalkowski 1958 (2)). It is also difficult to deny that he consistently represented the Caesarianism of an anti-liberal and dictatorial democracy. In the end, however, he did not opt for Hitler until 1933.


1. Carl Schmitt, Die geistesgeschichtliche Lage des heutigen Parlamentarismus, in: Bonner Festgabe für Ernst Zitelmann zum fünfzigjährigen Doktorjubiläum, München/Leipzig 1923, 413-473. Separatveröffentlichung in der Reihe: Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen und Reden zur Philosophie, Politik und Geistesgeschichte, Bd. 1, München/Leipzig 1923. Zweite, erweiterte Auflage 1926
2. Jürgen Fijalkowski, Die Wendung zum Führerstaat. Ideologische Komponenten in der politischen Philosophie Carl Schmitts, Köln 1958.


Reinhard Mehring, Carl Schmitt, Die geistesgeschichtliche Lage des heutigen Parlamentarismus (1923), in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Schmitt I
Carl Schmitt
Der Hüter der Verfassung Tübingen 1931

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018


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