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Brocker I 164
Parliamentarism/Schmitt: in the introduction to his paper on parliamentarianism, Schmitt stresses that his "investigation" seeks to "hit the last core of the institution of the modern parliament" (1): the "soil" of "belief" in the moral and intellectual "principles". However, the train of thought and the overall context of the paper can only be revealed if the "declaration of the death of parliamentarianism in the intellectual history" is understood merely as a partial goal of the paper.
Brocker I 166
Schmitt abstracts the "metaphysical system" (2) of liberalism from the classics of liberalism - Guizot, Bolingbroke, Montesquieu, Hegel, von Mohl and others: the balanced constitutional state that clearly distinguishes executive and legislative powers, measures and laws, and also sees parliament itself as a "in itself" (3) differentiated party landscape. In 1923 Schmitt speaks of a "relative rationalism": of parliamentary and discursive procedures of decision-making, which in German liberalism have been transformed since Hegel and von Mohl into a "doctrine of an organic mediation" (4) of political opposites.


1. Carl Schmitt, Die geistesgeschichtliche Lage des heutigen Parlamentarismus, in: Bonner Festgabe für Ernst Zitelmann zum fünfzigjährigen Doktorjubiläum, München/Leipzig 1923, 413-473. Separatveröffentlichung in der Reihe: Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen und Reden zur Philosophie, Politik und Geistesgeschichte, Bd. 1, München/Leipzig 1923. Zweite, erweiterte Auflage 1926. S. 30.
2. Ibid p. 45
3. Ibid p. 51
4. Ibid p. 58.


Reinhard Mehring, Carl Schmitt, Die geistesgeschichtliche Lage des heutigen Parlamentarismus (1923), in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Schmitt I
Carl Schmitt
Der Hüter der Verfassung Tübingen 1931

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018


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