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Brocker I 55
Civilization/Gandhi: Gandhi sees a plague in civilization (1). But this refers above all to Western civilization, Indian civilization still rests solidly on its foundation. "Rome perished, Greece suffered the same fate; the power of the pharaohs was broken; Japan was westernized" (2); only India still exists, according to Gandhi. The Gujarati word for civilization means "good behavior" (3). The fulfilment of duties and the observance of morals are the same. It means,
Brocker I 56
that you can control yourself. Gandhi presents the Indian way of life as a conscious decision of the ancestors. (4)



1. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule, Ahmedabad 1938 (zuerst 1909). Dt.: Mahatma Gandhi, Hind Swaraj oder Indische Selbstregierung, in: ders., Ausgewählte Werke. Grundlegende Schriften, herausgegeben von Shriman Narayan, bearbeitet von Wolfgang Sternstein, Göttingen 2011, Bd. 3, S. 97, 100
2. Ebenda S. 121
3. Ebenda S. 122
4. Ebenda


Dietmar Rothermund, Mahatma Gandhi in: Brocker, Manfred, Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018


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