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Majority Election/Proportional Representation/voting system/fiscal policy/Persson/Tabellini: in a simplified probabilistic model of Persson and Tabellini (Persson & Tabellini 1999) (1) (Persson & Tabellini 2000) (2), the main difference between the electoral systems was in the election programmes of the parties. Idealization adopted only one constituency for the proportional representation system.
Proportional Representation: Here, the fiscal policy programmes are designed to address at least 50% of the voters necessary to win the election. Here the model predicts higher expenditure on public goods and redistribution.
Majority voting: only 50% of the votes are required in a relative majority of constituencies. Therefore, a party can theoretically win a majority of seats in parliament by as little as 25% of all votes. Therefore, the election campaign here focuses on a few constituencies. As a result, public expenditure on public goods, which actually benefits a majority of voters, will be reduced.
The predictions of the model of Persson and Tabellini were empirically confirmed in the following period. (3) (4)
1.Torsten Persson &Guido Tabellini. 1999. The size and scope of government: Comparative politics with rational politicians. European Economic Review 43( 4– 6): 699– 735.
2.Torsten Persson & Guido Tabellini. 2000. Political economics. Explaining economic policy. Cambridge 2000.
3.Torsten Persson, Torsten, und Guido Tabellini, The economic effects of constitutions. Cambridge 2003.
4. Lorenz Blume, Jens Müller, Stefan Voigt, und Carsten Wolf. 2009. The economic effects of constitutions: Replicating – And extending – Persson and Tabellini. Public Choice 139: 197– 225._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The size and scope of government: Comparative politics with rational politicians 1999
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