|Principles, philosophy of science: physical principles are not the same as laws of nature. Rather, laws can be gained from principles or traced back to principles. Examples are the principle of the shortest time, the principle of the smallest effect, the uncertainty principle. See also theories, laws of nature, laws, natural constants._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Economic Theories on Principles - Dictionary of Arguments
Mause I 418f
Principles/Environmental damage/Intervention/Economic Theory: Regulatory principles for state intervention in the event of environmental damage:
Polluter-principle: the overall economic costs of environmental pollution - but at least the prevention costs of environmental damage - should be charged to the physical polluters through appropriately designed environmental policy measures in order to ensure the internalisation of existing (negative) external effects.
Principle of origin: environmental damage should be avoided at the place where it occurs, at the expense of the costs incurred.
Beneficiary principle: Beneficiaries of environmental protection measures should compensate those who suffer economic losses as a result of their environmentally compatible behaviour in the form of appropriate preventive measures.
In comparison to the polluter-principle, this results in a "reversal" of the cost burden of environmental protection activities - with the same efficiency effect - and thus diametrically different distribution results between the physical perpetrators and the injured parties of environmental damage.
Common burden principle: The costs of environmental damage or the proceeds of environmental protection measures are to be borne by the society as a whole by means of financing from tax revenue._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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