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Elinor Ostrom on Organisation - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 730
Organisation/Ostrom: Market or state organisation types inevitably have a multi-level problem: there are rules on an operational, collective or constitutional level.
Operational level: here it concerns appropriation, provision and monitoring ((s) in this context it concerns common goods).
Collective level: this involves the choice of practices, management and assessment of the procedures chosen.
Constitutional level: here we are concerned with the formulation, control, assessment and amendment of constitutional decisions.(1) ((s) This does not always mean a state constitution, but also an operational constitution).
Problem: Rules from different levels can block each other. Ostrom sees the reason for a multi-level approach in the necessity of trying out rules and their effects. When trying out the theory, the rules are kept constant at a lower level.
Brocker I 731
Problem: for self-organizing actors, switching between levels is a key strategy for solving problems. (2) See Self-organization/Ostrom.


1. Elinor Ostrom, Governing the Commons. The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action, Cambridge 1990. Dt.: Elinor Ostrom, Die Verfassung der Allmende. Jenseits von Staat und Merkt, Tübingen 1999, p. 68.
2. Ibid. p. 70


Markus Hanisch, „Elinor Ostrom Die Verfassung der Allmende“, in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

EconOstr I
Elinor Ostrom
Governing the commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action Cambridge 1990

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018


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