|Mause I 71
Socialism/Schumpeter: Schumpeter predicted that socialism would be the inevitable end result of capitalism. (1) The latter is increasingly dominated by large bureaucratic enterprises, which would displace traditional, innovative owner-operators; the growing influence of these large enterprises would give the state (as a counterweight, so to speak) an increasingly important role in economic life - a development that would eventually end in socialism.
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Brocker I 249
Socialism/Schumpeter: Schumpeter often wrote ironically and was therefore misunderstood by many of his recipients. In particular, it was believed that Schumpeter had predicted an inevitable end to capitalism. (Example Salin in: Schumpeter 2005)(2). But that's not true.
Brocker I 257
Socialism/Schumpeter: Socialism has a structural "family resemblance" (3) to the capitalist economic order: Even within a socialist economic order there is (a) the necessity of money, (b) the necessity of operational cost accounting and economic accounting, (c) the necessity of operational profit orientation, (d) the necessity to establish a market for consumer goods, (e) the necessity to finance investments through savings, furthermore (f) the necessity to deviate from the universal equal wage, i.e. to introduce premiums as a performance incentive. (4) Therefore, socialism did not develop its own logic. (5)
Brocker I 259
SchumpeterVsProtectionism/Schumpeter pro Socialism: In socialism it becomes evident "that exports are the sacrifice one must take upon oneself to procure imports" (6).
Strikes/Schumpeter pro Socialism: Schumpeter, in socialism strikes are - clearly visible to all - "nothing other than antisocial attacks on the wealth of the nation" (7).
Brocker I 260
Capitalism/Socialism: Schumpeter's thesis: "The capitalist process brings things and souls into shape for socialism" (8). Therefore, those who care about a well-functioning socialism have no other interest than to let capitalism create the necessary conditions far into the future.
A socialism without already existing general prosperity could only be organized as a "reign of terror" (9).
Brocker I 262
Schumpeter's main message is that the (supposed) strengths of socialism should be feared as totalitarianism and that the (supposed) weaknesses of capitalism should be acknowledged as civilized in modern society and thus worthy of preservation.
Ingo Pies, „Joseph A. Schumpeter, Kapitalismus, Sozialismus und Demokratie (1942)“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018
1. J. A. Schumpeter, Capitalism, socialism, and democracy. New York 1942; [dt. Kapitalismus, Sozialismus und Demokratie, Tübingen/Basel 2005].
2. Joseph A. Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, New York 1942. Dt.: Joseph A. Schumpeter, Kapitalismus, Sozialismus und Demokratie, Tübingen/Basel 2005 (zuerst: Bern 1946). p. 485.
3. Ibid p. 289, 291.
4. Ibid p. 275-298.
5. Ibid p. 292.
6. Ibid p. 337.
7. Ibid p. 338
8. Ibid p. 351
9. Ibid p. 363._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Joseph A. Schumpeter
The Theory of Economic Development An Inquiry into Profits, Capital, Credit, Interest, and the Business Cycle, Cambridge/MA 1934
Theorie der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung Leipzig 1912
Politik und Wirtschaft: Ein integratives Kompendium Wiesbaden 2018
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018