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Friedrich Nietzsche on State (Polity) - Dictionary of Arguments
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State/Nietzsche/Höffe: [In the third of five prefaces to five unwritten books, "The Greek State"(1)], [Nietzsche] not only contrasts the democratic idea of
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equality of all people with the intellectual aristocracy of creative artists. He also gets involved in the justification of a community that is forcibly reinforced, for which he sketches a political anthropology. According to this, in order to forge larger masses together into a society, in addition to the human drive for sociability, "the iron clamp of the state" is needed. Without it, that natural war of all against all would prevail, with which Nietzsche alludes to Hobbes. >Peace/Nietzsche.
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In order to "live under the advantages of the society", a reliability is needed which, says Nietzsche, is reflected in implicit promises. These can be understood as fundamental elements of criminal law, such as widely internalized prohibitions of fraud, theft and killing. Insofar as their recognition is an indispensable prerequisite for all communities, they have a relatively transcendental character. At the end of the necessary educational process is the sovereign individual who has escaped the straitjacket again and who, thanks to free self-determination, is no longer depressed by the "bad conscience" that characterizes slave morality. >Values/Nietzsche.
1. F. Nietzsche, Fünf Vorreden zu fünf ungeschriebenen Büchern. 1872. III. „Der griechische Staat“._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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