|Actions, philosophy: Actions are conscious or unconscious human actions as opposed to physical events. The action can take place against the will of the agent, but only if the opposed will is not strong enough to prevent the execution entirely._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Habermas III 135
Action/Goffman/Habermas: Erving Goffman was the first in 1956 to introduce the concept of dramaturgical action into sociological literature. (1) This term is less clear in the social science literature than that of teleological and norm-led action.
Goffman thesis: In normal work situations, the individual behaves in a way that can be examined with terms that are applied to theatrical performances. The actor presents his/her activity to himself/herself and others by making a certain impression, controlling and directing others. There are things he/she must do and others he/she must not do if he/she wants to assert himself/herself in his/her self-expression before others. While things are faked on stage, real things are depicted in life, albeit in an often inadequate way.
Theatre/Goffman: here the actor presents himself/herself to other actors, who in turn are actors. The audience is the third partner within the interaction.
Everyday life: in real life, the three partners are reduced to two. The role that the individual plays,
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is attuned to the roles that others play. But these others also form the audience at the same time. ((s) And are themselves actors on their own behalf.).
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Manipulation/Strategy/Roles/Goffman/Habermas: the manipulative generation of false impressions - Goffman studies the techniques of these impression managements from harmless segmentation to long-term information control - are by no means identical to strategic action. It too remains dependent on an audience.
1.E. Goffman, Wir spielen alle Theater. Die Selbstdarstellung im Alltag, München 1969
2. Ebenda S. 3._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, New York 1959
Wir alle spielen Theater. Die Selbstdarstellung im Alltag München 2003
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981