Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Norms, ethics, philosophy: norms define which actions are permitted, advisable or prohibited when certain circumstances are present. The philosophical discussion deals mainly with questions of its justification.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Talcott Parsons on Norms - Dictionary of Arguments

Habermas IV 309
Norms/Parsons/Habermas: of course, the actor can have the same attitude towards values and norms as he/she does towards facts; but he/she would not even understand,
Habermas IV 310
what values and standards mean if he/she could not adopt a conformist attitude towards them based on recognition of their claim to validity. It is only in this attitude that the actor experiences the moral force that is reflected in feelings of obligation as well as in the reactions of guilt and shame - a force that is not only compatible with the autonomy of action, but in a certain way even constitutes it. This force is no longer perceived as external violence but from within by penetrating the motives.
Habermas IV 314
Freedom of Choice/Parsons/Habermas: is characterized by moral fallibility for Parsons.
Solution/Parsons: normative standards receive the status of non-instrumentalizable value standards or end uses; corresponding value orientations can regulate the determination of purpose themselves.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

ParCh I
Ch. Parsons
Philosophy of Mathematics in the Twentieth Century: Selected Essays Cambridge 2014

ParTa I
T. Parsons
The Structure of Social Action, Vol. 1 1967

ParTe I
Ter. Parsons
Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics 2000

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981

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