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Talcott Parsons on Object - Dictionary of Arguments

Habermas IV 328
Object/Parsons/Habermas: Parsons distinguishes physical objects from cultural objects by their conditions of identification. Physical objects are entities in space and time, while symbolic objects represent cultural patterns that can be handed down, i.e. transferred and appropriated without changing their meaning. Spatiotemporal individualization does not touch the semantic content, but only the material substrate, in that the pattern of meaning symbolically takes shape.
HabermasVsParsons: by marking objects ontologically from the perspective of the subject, he misses the important difference between spatiotemporal individualized objects and symbolically embodied meanings. For Parsons, the actor therefore refers to cultural patterns as well as to objects. This reification obscures the view of the role played by cultural tradition as context and background for communicative action.
Habermas IV 329
Problem: the individually specified objects cannot form a common basis for a common interpretation framework of the action situation.
Habermas IV 330
HabermasVsParsons: Parsons does indeed juxtapose the cultural patterns of meaning that supposedly appear as "objects" with those components of culture that have been internalized. With this distinction, however, he does not reverse the reification of the culture, he even makes it all the more firm.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

ParCh I
Ch. Parsons
Philosophy of Mathematics in the Twentieth Century: Selected Essays Cambridge 2014

ParTa I
T. Parsons
The Structure of Social Action, Vol. 1 1967

ParTe I
Ter. Parsons
Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics 2000

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Ha III
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Ha IV
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981


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