Political elections/Surowiecki: the very fact that someone goes to vote shows that he/she does not obey exclusively selfish motives. Your own voice has little chance of having an effect. The action of the presidents has hardly any effect on daily life.
The public choice theory of economics has tried to explain this with market behaviour and tried to explain away a human inclination to participate in a community.
Surowiecki: Even if - as some theoreticians assume - voting is only "expressive", it could be more advantageous for society than casting their vote in the sense of personal self-interest (which the public choice theoreticians assume). (See Democracy/Surowiecki, Political Elections/Buchanan).
Economy/Politics/Elections/Surowiecki: Donald R. Kinder und D. Roderick Kiwiet noted that there is no link between the private economic situation of voters and their vote, but there is a link between their election decisions and their understanding of the overall economic situation. (1) (See also Political Elections/Sears).
This does not mean that American voters do thorough research before they vote. They rely more on local knowledge - just as they do in a market. However, this is not a contradiction to the thesis that they have an interest in choosing the best candidate for the office and not simply in choosing the candidate who is best for them personally.
1. Donald R. Kinder und D. Roderick Kiewiet, »Economic Discontent and Political Behavior – The Role of Personal Grievances and Collective Economic Judgments in Congressional Voting«, American Journal of Political Science 79/1979, S. 10-27; sowie Kinder und Kiewiet, »Sociotropic Politics – The America Case«, British Journal of Politics 11/1981, S. 129-161._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Die Weisheit der Vielen: Warum Gruppen klüger sind als Einzelne und wie wir das kollektive Wissen für unser wirtschaftliches, soziales und politisches Handeln nutzen können München 2005