Dictionary of Arguments

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Brocker I 905
Preferences/Nussbaum: despite respect for the wishes, actions and decisions of citizens, according to Nussbaum it is also necessary to take a critical look at wishes. In terms of the history of ideas, the problem has precursors in Marx's thesis of "false consciousness"; but also in the liberal tradition there are thematizations of preference deformation (above all in Mill, but also in Smith, Kant or Rawls). A convincing position today must position itself against two extremes:
a) a "subjective welfarism", which emphasizes the equivalence of all preferences, but cannot develop any form of criticism of unjust institutions,
b) a Platonism that searches for an objective good, but refrains from the concrete desires and experiences of the subjects(1).
NussbaumVsVs: whether against proceduralist, utilitarian or institutionalist approaches - Nussbaum tries to defend her approach as a political one, which does not subordinate intrinsic values to "preference-satisfaction", but nevertheless gives place to different life plans.


1. Martha C. Nussbaum, Women and Human Development. The Capabilities Approach, Cambridge 2000, p. 116f
2. Ibid. p.149


Sandra Seubert, „Martha C. Nussbaum, Women and Human Development (2000)“, in:Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018


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