Wikis/Shirky: the first wiki was created in 1995 by Ward Cunningham.
Collaboration/New Media/CunninghamVsNupedia: most complex collaboration tools shared the tasks of writing and publishing. Cunningham, on the other hand, assumed that people who work together trust each other. Then you need less formal management.
Cunningham's wiki - the forerunner of all later wikis - had an "Edit this" button. ((s) That was the decisive point: everyone who was willing to participate could immediately contribute something without having to submit their idea to an editor for review.
Shirky: each page is the result of a series of changes, all documented.
A wiki is a hybrid of tool and community. (...) A new technology combined with a new social strategy. Wikis create opportunities for groups to work together, but only if the majority of employees are committed. A frightening example was the "Wikitorial" of the Los Angeles Times.
In this "Wikitorial" the editorial staff of the management tried to steer the editors in one direction. The reaction was vandalism. (See Wikis/Sunstein). (1)
Shirky: the explanation is that no one felt obliged to the Times. No community had been formed to defend the result. Everyone used the platform of the Times as a basis to gain attention.
It takes more time to write a fake entry than to correct it (>Fake News).
1. See “A Wiki For Your Thoughts” (June 17, 2005), available at http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/opinion/la-ed-wiki17jun17,1,1789326.story. (Quoted from Cass R. Sunstein, Infotopia, How Many Minds Produce Knowledge,Oxford, 2008)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations New York 2009