Photography/Social Media/Shirky: iStockPhoto.com is a result of amateurisation in the field of photography.
In the times before iStockPhoto, amateurs had no chance to publish their work. Now the platform poses a threat to the earnings of professional photographers. A photo of an influenza patient that was needed for a release may have cost $100 - but $1 at iStockPhoto. The price for professional photos often comes more from the effort to find the right photo than from the difference in quality.
Professionality/Shirky: is determined today in the field of photography by the tax offices: someone who earns more than 5,000 dollars a year is a professional._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations New York 2009