Criticism/Culture/Internet/Morozov: By (... a) logic that celebrates massive cultural participation as independent and desirable regardless of culture, even ratings of albums and songs that we generate on iTunes and Spotify may ultimately be preferable to ratings from professional music critics. Solutionists would be pleased: Such ratings not only produce more "objective" art opinions, but also involve the public in the process of cultural education (or at least cultural evaluation), making them more democratic and participatory.
MorozovVs: There are several problems with such a view. Firstly, it tends to appreciate participation in culture much more than culture itself.
Culture/Rating/Internet/Social Media/Nancy Hanrahan: It cannot be denied that the erosion of cultural expertise made possible by new technologies is democratic, at least in a certain sense, as there is greater participation in the production and evaluation of culture. If democracy were as easily quantifiable as CD sales or the number of visits to a website, perhaps the argument could be left there.
But not only the participation, but also the conditions of participation have to be considered. If greater participation in culture through digital technologies and the network structures in which they are embedded favours the market, hinders artistic innovation or is bought at the expense of critical reflection on art, for what reasons can this be considered democratic? On the other hand, if democracy means broadening the scope for consultation, public or genuine diversity, then the current situation is inadequate. (1)
Morozov: Professional critics have other functions that cannot be easily transferred to the masses, such as finding innovations, perhaps provocations and explaining to the audience why they deserve attention. As Adorno writes, the new cannot be understood without knowledge of the past. (2)
1. Nancy Weiss Hanrahan, “If the People Like It, It Must Be Good: Criticism, Democracy and the Culture of Consensus,” Cultural Sociology 11 (July 2012), http:// cus.sagepub.com/ content/ early/ 2012/ 05/ 15/ 1749975512453656. abstract.
2. zitiert in Hanrahan, p. 4._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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