|Habermas IV 119
Punishment/Archaic Law/Durkheim/Habermas: Archaic law is essentially criminal law.
Habermas IV 120
A violation of the sacred norm is not considered a crime because sanctions are imposed on it; rather, it triggers sanctions because the norms are initially nothing more than a device for the protection of sacred objects or districts.
Punishment: is understood here as atonement.
Atonement/Durkheim: is based on the idea of satisfaction granted to a real or ideal power that is above us. With the punishment we do not want to avenge ourselves personally, but feel something higher (...) outside and above us. This is understood over time as something else: first as something essentially religious, later as morality or duty. (...) This is above the simple reparation we content ourselves in the order of purely human interests. (1)
1. E. Durkheim, De la division du travail social, German: Über die Teilung der sozialen Arbeit, Frankfurt, 1977, p. 141f_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Rules of Sociological Method - French: Les Règles de la Méthode Sociologique, Paris 1895
Die Regeln der soziologischen Methode Frankfurt/M. 1984
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981