Lexicon of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
[german]


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Sc. Camps
Theses I
Theses II

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I 10
Distinction singular/general term: is independent from stimulus meaning. - Name or general term for space-time segments: the same stimulus meaning ("rabbitness").
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I 238
Plural: abstract singular terms: "lions are dying out" - Disposition "eats mice" (31).
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I 412
QuineVsProperties: fallacy of subtraction: deriving existence from "about" and "is about" - "round" and "dog" are terms for physical objects - but not properties! "Round" and "dog" are general terms for objects not singular terms for properties or classes.
The same argument would apply to classes instead of properties: general term symbolizes its extension as well as its intension.
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I 415
Properties: not every general term necessarily speaks of properties or classes - properties and classes acceptable as values ​​of variables.
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IX 194~
Universality/Quine: ambiguous: a) different indices applicable - b) undivided quantification throughout an exhaustive universal class.
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Tugendhat I 380
General statements/universality/Quine: These basic statements are general statements, and there are no singular statements at all - StrawsonVsQuine: it is the general statements themselves that refer to singular statements when specifying their truth conditions - one cannot explain the use of a general sentence without the precondition of the use of singular sentences.

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