1.1 13 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Dennett I 262<br /> The rule of the Local is a basic principle of Darwinism - it corresponds to the principle that there is no Creator, no intelligent foresight. 1 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism McGinn II 98 <br /> Design argument/William Paley: organisms have a brilliant design: We have not designed them, so we have to assume that a foreign intelligence did it. Let us call this intelligence "God". So God exists. <br /> ---<br /> II 98<br /> DarwinVsPaley: intelligent design does not require a Creator. Selection is sufficient. <br /> ---<br /> II 98<br /> Mind/Consciousness/Evolution/McGinn: evolution does not explain consciousness - nor sensations. <br /> ---<br /> II 99<br /> Reason: sensation and consciousness cannot be explained through the means of Darwinian principles and physics, because if selection were to explain how sensations are supposed to be created by it, it must be possible to mold the mind from matter. <br /> ---<br /> II 100<br /> ((s) Consciousness or sensations would have to be visible for selection.) (Similar GouldVsDawkins). 2 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Popper 3 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Putnam Rorty VI 63<br /> Rorty: Darwinism/Putnam: he does not like the image of man as a more complicated animal (scientistic and reductionist physicalism).<br /> 4 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Rorty Darwinism/Rorty provides a useful vocabulary. "Darwinism": for me is a fable about human beings as animals with special skills and organs. But these organs and skills are just as little in a representational relation to the world as the anteater s snout.<br /> VI 69 ff<br /> Darwinism/Rorty: it demands that we consider our doing and being as part of the same continuum, which also includes the existence of amoebae, spiders and squirrels.<br /> One way to do that is to say that our experience is just more complex. VI 424 5 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Dawkins I 40<br /> Darwinism/Dawkins: in reality the "survival of the best-adapted" is a special case of the law of the continuity of the stable.<br /> I 373<br /> Gene/Darwinism: Speaks about the survival of individuals as a whole. Here, the paradox disappears that a gene might act against an individual. What is good for survival is good for all genes. 6 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Eigen I 188<br /> Darwin/Life/Eigen: his teaching should not be called Darwinism, it can be traced back to fundamental principles! Where the boundary conditions are fulfilled, it is a law. (> Theory). 7 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Kauffman 8 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Mayr I 135<br /> Darwin/Science Theory/Mayr: we speak of Darwin's first and second revolution.<br /> 1) Acknowledgement of evolution through common descent.<br /> A) Replace supernatural by natural explanation,<br /> B) Replace the linear model with a complex one.<br /> 2) Natural selection: refutation of the theory of acquired traits, refutation of mixed inheritance, discovery of the source of genetic diversity (mutation, genetic recombination, diploidy). 9 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Nietzsche 10 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Singer I 61<br /> Darwinism/Animals/P. Singer: it is wrong to trouble Darwinism to justify human consumption of animals. First, the human being does not need meat to survive. Secondly, not all that is laid out in nature is an obligation: for example, a woman can give birth to a child every year, but this does not mean that it is wrong not to keep this rhythm. 11 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Strauss Pfotenhauer IV 42<br /> Darwinism/Strauss, Fr. D.: (D. Fr. Strauss, Der alte und neue Glaube, 1872, 2nd edition Leipzig, 1904, in particular p. 60ff) thesis: following Darwin's example, it can be shown that all events have always been a higher development, that even without a rational minded creator the world follows a continuously executed overall plan. For in blind natural phenomena and the worst of coincidences, only the more viable will prevail in the end, which for Strauss also means morally better things.<br /> ---<br /> Pfotenhauer IV 43<br /> NietzscheVsStrauss: In contrast, Nietzsche reminds us of "the nameless sufferings of humanity", which inadvertently scorn such "truly nefarious ways of thinking", (F: Nietzsche, David Strauss der Bekenner und Schriftsteller, 6; Nietzsche KGW III, 1, p. 188) this "shameless philistine optimism" (p. 187). 12 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Huxley Danto III 197<br /> Darwinism/NietzscheVsDarwinism/Nietzsche/DantoVsNietzsche/Danto: All too often Nietzsche falls into the stupidest misconceptions of Darwinism by equating survival with excellence. He overlooks what Th. H. Huxley has already noticed:<br /> Evolution/Darwinism/Huxley, Th. H.: the slightest change in the chemical composition of our atmosphere is enough to ensure that perhaps only a few lichens survive and thus become the masters of the world. 13