1.1 95 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Authors/Titles Dennett 1 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Intentions Dennett 2 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Abstractness Dennett 3 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Similarity Dennett 4 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Actualism Dennett I 143<br /> Actualism/Dennett: only that what is real is possible - The mind can only be regarded as an activity, not as a substance.<br /> I 163<br /> Determinism/actualism/Dennett: some authors: if determinism is correct, actualism must also be correct. Or the other way around. If actualism is wrong, indeterminism would have to be right - DennettVs: this is wrong! E.g. This oxygen atom can combine with two hydrogen atoms. So something is possible which is not real now, therefore determinism is wrong. DennettVsActualism: it is wrong, regardless of the truth or falsity of determinism. ><a href="https://philosophy-science-humanities-controversies.com/listview-list.php?concept=Determinism">Determinism</a>.<br /> I 249<br /> Actualism/DennettVsNietzsche: he did not believe in any variants, but in exact repetition. Therefore he was a follower of actualism. 5 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Generality Dennett 6 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML As if Dennett 7 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Anthropic Principle Dennett I 225<br /> Anthropic Principle/Freeman Dyson (Author): "I am not saying the structure of the universe proves the existence of God, but He is compatible with the hypothesis that the spirit plays a crucial role for its functioning.<br /> I 227<br /> Anthropic Principle/Dennett: in its "weak form" it is harmless. It is an occasionally useful application of elementary logic: if x is a necessary condition for the existence of y, and if y exists, then x exists as well.<br /> - - - <br /> DennettVsAnthropic Principle: "Strong Form": false use of "must": "If physical structures depend on larger molecules, then they must exist, because we exist.<br /> Correct instead: It must be the case that: if consciousness depends on ..., then there are such elements in the world, because we have a consciousness.<br /> The conclusion to which one is entitled only says that there are such elements, not that there have to be. 8 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Species Dennett Species/Dennett: Dennett discusses several authors:<br /> I 48<br /> Natural Kinds/Philosophy/Quine/Dennett: Quine distinguishes between good and bad scientific categories.<br /> Art/Darwin/Dennett: Darwin doesn't mention species formation at all! But: I 55: "Descent with variation"!<br /> Adaptation/Darwin/Dennett: natural selection inevitably leads to adaptation.<br /> Species/Darwin/Dennett: Splitting by different abilities and characteristics.<br /> Genetics/Dennett: Genetics was not yet known at Darwin's time. Mendel researched 50 years later.<br /> Species/Darwin/Dennett: is actually arbitrary! The term is applied to a number of individuals out of convenience! <br /> I 56<br /> Species/Dawkins: there is nothing that wants the formation of species! Before the separation there must be a phase of "temporary separation"!<br /> I 56<br /> Species/Dennett: question: do individuals belong to different kinds if they cannot cross, or if they just don't do it? 9 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Meaning Dennett 10 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Concepts Dennett 11 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Evidence Dennett I 244<br /> Evidence/Dennett: E.g. assuming there is someone who promises to give magical powers in the competition of coin tosses. Those who were cheated on meet up, and there will certainly be a winner. He will then have evidence that there are supernatural forces.<br /> I 424<br /> Coincidence/Evidence/Dennett: e.g. a geyser suddenly erupts on average every 65 minutes. The form of the suddenness is no evidence of randomness. <br /> Context: abruptness of the Cambrian evolution. 12 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Consciousness Dennett 13 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Dennett I 262<br /> The "Rule of the Local" is a basic principle of Darwinism. It corresponds to the principle that there is no Creator, no intelligent foresight. 14 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Thinking Dennett 15 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Forms of Thinking Dennett 16 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Properties Dennett 17 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Sensations Dennett 18 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Experience Dennett 19 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Explanation Dennett 20 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML First Person Dennett Rosenthal II 430<br /> Consciousness/Dennett: even for the first person it is not always clear, what is conscious and what is not. Example: to become aware of the inventory of a room - e.g. Wallpaper design: completion by judgment, not sensory! ><a href="https://philosophy-science-humanities-controversies.com/listview-list.php?concept=Consciousness">Consciousness</a>. 21 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Ethics Dennett I 636<br /> Ethics/Morality/Dennett: Question: did it also arise evolutionarily? One would expect that a very long time ago, there was no moral, but not more than a distinction between a good and a bad spear or a good or bad dinner. These are not concepts of "right" and "wrong" but of dangerous and not dangerous. <br /> I 657<br /> Ethics/Dennett: must somehow be based on human nature. If this is naturalism, then there is no ><a href="https://philosophy-science-humanities-controversies.com/listview-list.php?concept=Naturalistic+Fallacy">naturalistic fallacy</a>. <br /> II ~ 199<br /> The terrible thing is not the suffering, but the event which caused it. 22 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Evolution Dennett I 101<br /> Evolution/Justification/Dennett: the advantages of sexuality cannot be taken as a justification. Evolution cannot foresee its path! Whatever it produces must pay off immediately and make up for the effort. <br /> I 213<br /> Problem: there must have been a first living creature, but there cannot have been a first living creature. <br /> I 591ff<br /> E.g. freezing/Dennett: E.g. assuming you have yourself frozen in order to be unfrozen in the 25th century. Upon whom can you rely? The example imitates the whole evolution. <br /> II 36<br /> Evolution/Dennett: There is only one family tree. It encompasses all creatures that have ever lived. 23 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Forgeries Dennett 24 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Forms Dennett 25