1.1 95 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Authors/Titles Dennett D.C. Dennett<br /> I D. Dennett,Darwins gefährliches Erbe, Hamburg, 1997 <br /> II D. Dennett, Spielarten des Geistes, Gütersloh, 1999 1 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Intentions Dennett 2 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Abstractness Dennett 3 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Similarity Dennett I 312 <br /> Similarity / self-assembly / forgery / Dennett: E.g. assume an adhesive that is used by a company that dries too quickly and needs to be stirred. Thus, it forms a characteristic stripe pattern. This pattern will be formed again and again, no matter in what context, if the adhesive is used. This similarity has nothing to do with the origin of the objects . <br />   In a world without design processes, all similarities would be suspect: they will probably go back to copying. 4 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Actualism Dennett 5 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Generality Dennett 6 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML As if Dennett 7 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Anthropic Principle Dennett 8 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Species Dennett Species/Dennett: Dennett discusses several authors:<br /> I 48<br /> Natural Kinds/Philosophy/Quine/Dennett: Quine distinguishes between good and bad scientific categories.<br /> Art/Darwin/Dennett: Darwin doesn't mention species formation at all! But: I 55: "Descent with variation"!<br /> Adaptation/Darwin/Dennett: Natural selection inevitably leads to adaptation.<br /> Species/Darwin/Dennett: Splitting by different abilities and characteristics.<br /> Genetics/Dennett: Genetics was not yet known at Darwin's time. Mendel researched 50 years later.<br /> Species/Darwin/Dennett: is actually arbitrary! The term is applied to a number of individuals out of convenience! <br /> I 56<br /> Species/Dawkins: There is nothing that wants the formation of species! Before the separation there must be a phase of "temporary separation"!<br /> I 56<br /> Species/Dennett: question: Do individuals belong to different kinds if they cannot cross, or if they just don't do it? 9 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Meaning Dennett 10 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Concepts Dennett 11 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Evidence Dennett I 244<br /> Evidence/Dennett: E.g. assuming there is someone who promises to give magical powers in the competition of coin tosses. Those who were cheated on meet up, and there will certainly be a winner. He will then have evidence that there are supernatural forces.<br /> I 424<br /> Coincidence/Evidence/Dennett: e.g. a geyser suddenly erupts on average every 65 minutes. The form of the suddenness is no evidence of randomness. <br /> Context: abruptness of the Cambrian evolution. 12 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Consciousness Dennett 13 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Darwinism Dennett I 262<br /> The "Rule of the Local" is a basic principle of Darwinism. It corresponds to the principle that there is no Creator, no intelligent foresight. 14 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Thinking Dennett 15 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Forms of Thinking Dennett 16 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Properties Dennett 17 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Sensations Dennett 18 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Experience Dennett 19 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Explanation Dennett 20 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML First Person Dennett Rosenthal II 430<br /> Consciousness/Dennett: even for the first person it is not always clear, what is conscious and what is not. Example: to become aware of the inventory of a room - e.g. Wallpaper design: completion by judgment, not sensory! ><a href="https://philosophy-science-humanities-controversies.com/listview-list.php?concept=Consciousness">Consciousness</a>. 21 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Ethics Dennett I 636<br /> Ethics/Morality/Dennett: Question: did it also arise evolutionarily? One would expect that a very long time ago, there was no moral, but not more than a distinction between a good and a bad spear or a good or bad dinner. These are not concepts of "right" and "wrong" but of dangerous and not dangerous. <br /> I 657<br /> Ethics/Dennett: must somehow be based on human nature. If this is naturalism, then there is no ><a href="https://philosophy-science-humanities-controversies.com/listview-list.php?concept=Naturalistic+Fallacy">naturalistic fallacy</a>. <br /> II ~ 199<br /> The terrible thing is not the suffering, but the event which caused it. 22 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Evolution Dennett I 101<br /> Evolution/Justification/Dennett: The advantages of sexuality cannot be taken as a justification. Evolution cannot foresee its path! Whatever it produces must pay off immediately and make up for the effort. <br /> I 213<br /> Problem: There must have been a first living creature, but there cannot have been a first living creature. <br /> I 591ff<br /> E.g. freezing/Dennett: E.g. assuming you have yourself frozen in order to be unfrozen in the 25th century. Upon whom can you rely? The example imitates the whole evolution. <br /> II 36<br /> Evolution/Dennett: There is only one family tree. It encompasses all creatures that have ever lived. 23 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Forgeries Dennett 24 info:srw/schema/1/dc-v1.1 XML Forms Dennett 25